What is CBT?

Cognitive-behavioural therapy, also sometimes called cognitive therapy, cognitive-behavior therapy, or CBT, is a type of psychotherapy that is:

Cognitive-behavioural therapy involves both cognitive strategies and behavioural strategies. Cognitive strategies are used to help identify patterns of thinking that are related to distressing emotions and other symptoms and to modify them so that thought patterns are more adaptive.

Behavioural strategies are used to change behaviours that are not working, and involve techniques such as relaxation training, problem solving, assertiveness training, scheduling of pleasant activities to improve mood, and confronting feared situations. Cognitive and behavioural strategies are used together in CBT.